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Service health

The Service health tab tracks metrics about a deployment's ability to respond to prediction requests quickly and reliably. This helps identify bottlenecks and assess capacity, which is critical to proper provisioning. For example, if a model seems to have generally slowed in its response times, the Service health tab for the model's deployment can help. You might notice in the tab that median latency goes up with an increase in prediction requests. If latency increases when a new model is switched in, you can consult with your team to determine whether the new model can instead be replaced with one offering better performance.

To access Service health, select an individual deployment from the deployment inventory page and then, from the Overview, click Monitoring > Service health. The tab provides informational tiles and a chart to help assess the activity level and health of the deployment.

Time of Prediction

The Time of Prediction value differs between the Data drift and Accuracy tabs and the Service health tab:

  • On the Service health tab, the "time of prediction request" is always the time the prediction server received the prediction request. This method of prediction request tracking accurately represents the prediction service's health for diagnostic purposes.

  • On the Data drift and Accuracy tabs, the "time of prediction request" is, by default, the time you submitted the prediction request, which you can override with the prediction timestamp in the Prediction History settings.

Understand metric tiles and chart

DataRobot displays informational statistics based on your current settings for model and time frame. That is, tile values correspond to the same units as those selected on the slider. If the slider interval values are weekly, the displayed tile metrics show values corresponding to weeks. Clicking a metric tile updates the chart below.

The Service health tab reports the following metrics on the dashboard:

Statistic Reports (for selected time period)
Total Predictions The number of predictions the deployment has made.
Total Requests The number of prediction requests the deployment has received (a single request can contain multiple prediction requests).
Requests over x ms The number of requests where the response time was longer than the specified number of milliseconds. The default is 2000 ms; click in the box to enter a time between 10 and 100,000 ms or adjust with the controls.
Response Time The time (in milliseconds) DataRobot spent receiving a prediction request, calculating the request, and returning a response to the user. The report does not include time due to network latency. Select the median prediction request time or 90th, 95th, or 99th percentile. The display reports a dash if you have made no requests against it or if it's an external deployment.
Execution Time The time (in milliseconds) DataRobot spent calculating a prediction request. Select the median prediction request time or 90th, 95th, or 99th percentile.
Median/Peak Load The median and maximum number of requests per minute.
Data Error Rate The percentage of requests that result in a 4xx error (problems with the prediction request submission). This is a component of the value reported as the Service Health Summary on the Dashboard top banner.
System Error Rate The percentage of well-formed requests that result in a 5xx error (problem with the DataRobot prediction server). This is a component of the value reported as the Service Health Summary on the Dashboard top banner.
Consumers The number of distinct users (identified by API key) who have made prediction requests against this deployment.
Cache Hit Rate The percentage of requests that used a cached model (the model was recently used by other predictions). If not cached, DataRobot has to look the model up, which can cause delays. The prediction server cache holds 16 models by default, dropping the least-used model when the limit is reached.

You can configure the dashboard to focus the visualized statistics on specific segments and time frames. The following controls are available:

Control Description
Model Updates the dashboard displays to reflect the model you selected from the dropdown.
Range (UTC) Sets the date range displayed for the deployment date slider. You can also drag the date slider to set the range.
Resolution Sets the time granularity of the deployment date slider.
Segment Attribute Sets the segment to filter the dashboard by.
Segment Value Sets a specific value within a segment to filter the dashboard by.
Refresh Initiates an on-demand update of the dashboard with new data. Otherwise, DataRobot refreshes the dashboard every 15 minutes.
Reset Reverts the dashboard controls to the default settings.

The chart below the metric tiles displays individual metrics over time, helping to identify patterns in the quality of service. Clicking on a metric tile updates the chart to represent that information; adjusting the data range slider focuses on a specific period:

Export charts

Click Export to download a .csv or .png file of the currently selected chart, or a .zip archive file of both (and a .json file).

The Median | Peak Load (calls/minute) chart displays two lines, one for Peak load and one for Median load over time:

View MLOps Logs

On the MLOps Logs tab, you can view important deployment events. These events can help diagnose issues with a deployment or provide a record of the actions leading to the current state of the deployment. Each event has a type and a status. You can filter the event log by event type, event status, or time of occurrence, and you can view more details for an event on the Event Details panel.

  1. On a deployment's Service health tab, scroll to the Recent Activity section at the bottom of the page.

  2. In the Recent Activity section, click MLOps Logs, and configure any of the following filters:

    Element Description
    1 Set the Categories filter to display log events by deployment feature:
    • Accuracy: Events related to actuals processing.
    • Challengers: Events related to challengers functionality.
    • Monitoring: Events related to general deployment actions; for example, model replacements or clearing deployment stats.
    • Predictions: Events related to predictions processing.
    • Retraining: Events related to deployment retraining functionality.
    The default filter displays all event categories.
    2 Set the Status Type filter to display events by status:
    • Success
    • Warning
    • Failure
    • Info
    The default filter displays Any status type.
    3 Set the Range (UTC) filter to display events logged within the specified range (UTC). The default filter displays the last seven days up to the current date and time.
    What errors are surfaced in the MLOps Logs?
    • Actuals with missing values
    • Actuals with duplicate association ID
    • Actuals with invalid payload
    • Challenger created
    • Challenger deleted
    • Challenger replay error
    • Challenger model validation error
    • Custom model deployment creation started
    • Custom model deployment creation completed
    • Custom model deployment creation failed
    • Deployment historical stats reset
    • Failed to establish training data baseline
    • Model replacement validation warning
    • Prediction processing limit reached
    • Predictions missing required association ID
    • Reason codes (Prediction Explanations) preview failed
    • Reason codes (Prediction Explanations) preview started
    • Retraining policy success
    • Retraining policy error
    • Training data baseline calculation started
  3. On the left panel, the MLOps Logs list displays deployment events with any selected filters applied. For each event, you can view a summary that includes the event name and status icon, the timestamp, and an event message preview.

  4. Click the event you want to examine and review the Event Details panel on the right.

    This panel includes the following details:

    • Title
    • Status Type (with a success, warning, failure, or info label)
    • Timestamp
    • Message (with text describing the event)

    You can also view the following details if applicable to the current event:

    • Model ID
    • Model Package ID / Registered Model Version ID (with a link to the package in the Registry if MLOps is enabled)
    • Catalog ID (with a link to the dataset in the Data Registry)
    • Challenger ID
    • Prediction Job ID (for the related batch prediction job)
    • Affected Indexes (with a list of indexes related to the error event)
    • Start/End Date (for events covering a specified period; for example, resetting deployment stats)

    Tip

    For ID fields without a link, you can copy the ID by clicking the copy icon ().


Updated April 3, 2024